As a species we have made incredible leaps through the centuries. However, energy has been one of the neglected issues in global development. Although our discovery of fossil fuels ran our industrial engine conveniently, it also kept emptying out the planet’s core. And after centuries, only recently the connection between continuous depletion of fossil fuel reserves and its effects on the world have been made. The obvious and very simple question, that what’s next after all fossil fuel reserves are depleted- has loomed over our sophisticated society.
In our pursuit for convenience and better life, we have gone a long way making inventions and innovations that make our lives comfortable, no doubt; but it also ruins the environment we live in. Operating on fossil fuel, most of the latest inventions pose serious threats to the climate, which is changing rapidly, thus affecting the existence of mankind on this planet.
Our cities are the physical embodiment of the largest and definitely, the most complex social engineering feat we have ever accomplished, symbolizing our social, political, economic, and cultural growth. From the very beginning, cities have been the centre of development, welcoming change, offering opportunities, and spreading (social, economic, political, and now technological) growth throughout the world. With this continued technological growth, the idea of smart cities came to life, adding transparency and perfection to the image we now have for our future cities. Acceleration of innovation in technology has promised the enhanced quality of life through IT interconnectivity, personal and social development.
In the race to create a better lifestyle, secured economy, and progressive social structure, a handful of countries have fared better than the rest. The reason behind could be the impact of the industrial revolution, natural resource availability, social awareness, or plain and simple agile business tactics. But, the result definitely sets countries like US, UK, Germany, Japan, apart from the likes of India, Africa, Brazil, Indonesia.